In a move that has ignited a heated discussion within India’s maritime and trade sectors, Adani Ports and Special Economic Zones Limited (APSEZ), a subsidiary of the Adani Group, has opted to employ Chinese cranes for cargo handling at the eagerly anticipated Vizhinjam port. As construction progresses on this ambitious project in Kerala, India, the decision to utilize Chinese equipment has raised concerns about product quality and security.

The Vision for Vizhinjam:

The Vizhinjam port, currently under development, is poised to become a crucial gateway for trade between India and the Middle East. Scheduled to be operational by 2025, the port is designed to handle a staggering 2.4 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units) of cargo annually, making it one of the largest ports in India.

The Chinese Crane Controversy:

Amid the ongoing construction of the Vizhinjam port, APSEZ’s choice to employ Chinese cranes for cargo handling has ignited a robust debate. Critics argue that Chinese products may compromise quality and raise security concerns, given the ongoing geopolitical tensions and the unpredictability of the Chinese supply chain.

APSEZ’s Defense:

APSEZ, however, has defended its decision, emphasizing several key points:

  1. Cost-Effectiveness: Chinese cranes were selected as the most cost-effective option for the project, which aligns with APSEZ’s aim to optimize its investments and maximize returns.
  2. Performance Record: The company cited the favorable performance track record of Chinese cranes in similar applications, suggesting that they meet the operational requirements of the Vizhinjam port.
  3. Security Measures: APSEZ pledged to implement stringent security measures to safeguard the port from potential threats or vulnerabilities arising from the use of Chinese equipment.

Pros and Cons:

The choice to utilize Chinese cranes at Vizhinjam port is not without its merits and concerns:


  • Cost-Effective: Chinese cranes are often more budget-friendly than alternatives.
  • Performance: Chinese cranes have demonstrated reliable performance in various settings.
  • Diversity: A wide range of Chinese crane sizes and configurations is available.


  • Quality Concerns: Skepticism persists regarding the quality and durability of Chinese products.
  • Security Risks: Geopolitical tensions raise security concerns related to the use of Chinese equipment.
  • Transparency: A lack of transparency in the Chinese supply chain can be a point of contention.

As the Vizhinjam port project advances and the debate over the use of Chinese cranes continues, the decision carries significant implications for future infrastructure projects in India. Ultimately, it serves as a complex reminder that decisions involving cost, quality, and security require careful consideration, balancing immediate advantages with long-term implications. The maritime and trade communities will be closely monitoring the outcome of this pivotal choice at Vizhinjam port as it may set a precedent for similar projects in the future.